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Aug, 19, 2010 Second World Heritage Distinction for San Miguel de Allende

Camino Real de Tierra Adentro (Royal Road of the Interior Land) is 1,400 kilometers of a 2,600 kilometer route from Mexico City to Texas and New Mexico. The route was used actively from the mid-sixteenth century to the nineteenth century to transport silver from the mines of Zacatecas, Guanajuato and San Louis Potosi for shipment to Spain. This is the oldest travel route in the Americas. Although the route was motivated and consolidated by the mining industry, it also fostered the creation of social, cultural and religious links between Spanish and Amerindian cultures, in particular.

The World Heritage Site is comprised of 59 locations including bridges, haciendas, chapels, temples, a hospital and several cities.

Nomination of Camino Real de Tierra Adentro, according to Graciela Cruz, historian, included 60 points in eleven Mexican states: Mexico City 1, State of Mexico 4, Hidalgo 2, Queretaro 4, Guanajuato 6, Jalisco 5, Aguascalientes 4, Zacatecas 13, San Luis Potosi 1, Durango 19, and Chihuahua 1.

The six points in Guanajuato include: San Miguel - the Bridge of El Fraile, the former Royal Hospital of San Juan de Dios, and the Bridge of La Quemada; Atotonilco - the Sanctuary of Jesus Nazareno; San Felipe - the Bridge of La Quemada; Guanajuato - the historic center of the city.

Guanajuato is the only state in Mexico with two World Heritage cities known as historical sites having contributed to the events celebrated in 2010.

Paul Tanner (UK):
"Well, with the inscription of this site Mexico has really outdone France both in getting places inscribed twice (5 here are already on the list - Mexico City, Queretaro, San Miguel, Guanajuato and Zacatecas!) and in creating an inscription which encompasses so much of the country. No wonder ICOMOS had some “problems” with the nomination and wanted it referred for, among other matters, re-consideration of “the inclusion of the five already inscribed World Heritage properties”.